Following Hemingway's trail

From the 1950s to the 1980s, it was common to find great silver screen stars on the streets of Pamplona. This was undoubtedly due to the great success of the adaptations of Ernest Hemingway's novels in Hollywood, which acted as a magnet attracting dozens of actors, actresses, producers, screenwriters and directors to the city. For decades visiting Pamplona was considered almost indispensable in many American film environments.

Fotografía antigua de Archibald Macleish
Archibald MacLeish (USA 1892-1982)

Pamplona, 1924. Poet and writer. Head of the Library of Congress of the United States in 1939. He won the OSCAR for best documentary in 1966 and three PULITZER PRIZES for Poetry in 1933, 1953 and 1959.

Fotografía antigua de Bill Bird de 1924
Bill Bird (USA 1889-1963)

Pamplona, 1924. Journalist and publisher, he met Hemingway in Paris and was part of the group that travelled to Pamplona in 1924.

Fotografía antigua de Donald Odgen Stewart
Donal Odgen Stewart (USA 1894-1980)

Pamplona July 1924 and 1925. One of the Hollywood’s great screenwriters. OSCAR in 1940 for best adapted screenplay.

Fotografía antigua de Dorothy Parker
Dorothy Parker (USA 1893 - 1967)

Pamplona, 1926. First journalist and writer who wrote openly about women’s rights. Suspicious of being a Communist Party member, she was an active advocate of the republican cause and of civil rights.

Fotografía antigua de de Gertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein (USA 1874 - 1946) y Alice B. Toklas (USA 1877 - 1967)

Pamplona, 1915. The writer Gertrude Stein is considered the pioneer of modernist literature. She recommended in 1923 to Hemingway and his wife Hadley Richardson to visit Pamplona during the San Fermín festival to have the honeymoon they had never had.

Hadley con el hijo mayor de Hemingway
Elizabeth Hadley Richardson (EEUU, 1891–1979)

Pamplona, 1923, 1924, 1925 and 1926. Ernest Hemingway’s first wife. A pianist and a great tennis player. Hemingway dedicated his first novel, 'The Sun Also Rises / Fiesta ', to her and their son John Nicanor.

Fotografía antigua de Henry Sturgis Crosby y esposa
Henry Sturgis Crosby (USA 1898-1929)

Pamplona, 1927. American poet and publisher. He was the first to publish works by a number of authors who would later become world famous.

Fotografái antigua de John Rodrigo Dos Passos
John Rodrigo Dos Passos (USA 1896–1970).

Pamplona, 1924. Novelist and journalist. Considered one of the essential members of the North American Lost Generation. He was part of the expedition of friends who started a walk through the Pyrenees from Burguete to Andorra with George O'Neil (American poet, playwright, novelist and screenwriter) and Eric Edward Dorman-Smith (military man).

Fotografía antigua de Freda Joséphine McDonald
Freda Joséphine McDonald (USA 1906-1975)

Pamplona, 1930. Known as Josephine Baker, she performed at the Olimpia Theater in Pamplona and her show was rated as pornographic. One of the musical and political icons of the 20th century. She advocated against racism, was an activist for the Civil Rights Movement in the USA, and was awarded the Medal of Resistance and the Legion of Honour for her collaboration with the French resistance.

Fotografía antigua de Lauren Bacall y Ernest Hemingway
Lauren Bacall (USA 1924-1992)

Pamplona, 1959. Actress. Valerie Danby-Smith relates that Lauren Bacall arrived in Pamplona for the San Fermín festival in 1959:  "Then Lauren Bacall appeared and Ernest quickly let his anger die ...".

Fotografía antigua de Leopold Seyffert y familia
Leopold Seyffert (USA 1897-1956)

Pamplona, 1968. Writer and journalist. In 1946 she married Ernest Hemingway in Cuba. With Hemingway she will get to know the places and people that Hemingway had known and admired in his youth. In 1968 she attended the unveiling of the bust in tribute to Hemingway.

Fotografía antigua de Ernest Hemingway y Mary Welsh Hemingway
Mary Welsh Hemingway (USA 1908 – 1986).

Pamplona, 1968. Writer and journalist. In 1946 she married Ernest Hemingway in Cuba. With Hemingway she will get to know the places and people that Hemingway had known and admired in his youth. In 1968 she attended the unveiling of the bust in tribute to Hemingway.

Fotografía antigua de Gerald y Sara Murphy en la plaza del Castillo, 1926
Gerald (USA 1888-1964) y Sara Murphy (USA 1883-1975)

Pamplona, 1926. Wealthy American expatriates. They created an important social circle with the artists and writers of the ‘Lost Generation’. Their house in Antibes was a refuge for many of them. Their trip Pamplona-Antibes was one of the preferred by artists of the time. Hemingway based the protagonists of ‘The Garden of Eden’ on them.

Fotografía antigua de Orson Welles
Orson Welles (USA 1915-1985)

Pamplona, 1954 and 1961 shooting the movie 'Don Quixote'. He returned in 1964, 1965 and 1966. In December 1964 he shot several scenes for ‘Chimes at Midnight’ in Lekunberri. Welles and Hemingway had an intense ‘admiration-hate’ relationship throughout their lives. He won two OSCARS, one in 1941 and the other one in 1971.

Fotografía de Ernest Hemingway y Pauline Marie Pfeiffer
Pauline Marie Pfeiffer (USA 1895-1951)

Pamplona, 1926 - 1931. Renowned American journalist. Ernest Hemingway’s second wife and mother of their sons Patrick and Gregory. Pauline and Ernest were together with a group of friends during the Sanfermines of 1926 and for a couple of years they visited places like San Sebastián and travelled to different points of the Way of Saint James.

Fotografía de Peter Viertel y Deborah Kerr en una corrida de toros
Peter Viertel (Germany, 1920-2007) & Deborah Kerr (Scotland, 1960-2007)

Pamplona 1953, 1956, 1961, 1962, 1963 and 1965. Screenwriter of "The Old Man and The Sea", he was a close friend of Hemingway’s. Viertel returned to Pamplona in 1956, this time as a screenwriter for the film "The Sun Also Rises / Fiesta." He was one of Hollywood’s great screenwriters. The British actress came to Pamplona in 1961.

Fotografía antigua de Ernest Hemingway y Robert Menzies McAlmon
Robert Menzies McAlmon (USA 1895 - 1956)

Pamplona, 1924. American writer, poet and publisher. McAlmon was the publisher of Ernest Hemingway's first book, "Three Stories & Ten Poems", and the person who welcomed Hemingway into the cultural circles of the 1920s in Paris.

Fachada de la librería Shakespeare Company, París
Nancy Woodbridge Beach (USA 1887-1962)

Pamplona, 1916. Better known as Sylvia Beach, she was the owner of the famous Parisian bookstore ‘Shakespeare & Company’. She kept the bookstore open between 1919 and 1941, becoming the centre of Anglo-American culture in Paris and Europe. Sylvia Beach lived in the Iberian Peninsula between 1914 and 1916.

Recorte del periódico El Pensamiento Navarro del 14 de julio de1959
Valerie Danby-Smith (Ireland, 1940)

Pamplona, 1959. Irish journalist and writer. She met Hemingway in May 1959, and the writer hired her as a secretary. Years later, in 1967, she married Gregory, Hemingway's son. She is the author of the book "Running with the Bulls: My Life with the Hemingways".

Fotografía antigua de Waldo Peirce con un toro
Waldo Peirce (USA 1884–1970)

Pamplona, 1927 and 1928. He was a prominent painter as well as a well-known public personality. He was called "the American Renoir." He is the creator of the travel notebook "Don Ernesto in Pamplona" - hitherto unpublished in Europe.