Glossary T-Z

Small circular defence placed in front of the doors of a fortification.

A mass of earth with which the containing wall of an enclosure is filled, or which is built up before and subsequently faced with masonry.

To chemise
See Chemise.

To entrench
To fortify a military position with trenches.

To flank
To protect your own flanks. To threaten the enemy’s flanks. To be positioned in a castle, bastion, hill or suchlike, facing a town, fort, etc., so as to be able to reach them with your artillery fire crossing or passing through them.

(To lay a) header
In construction: with the long side of the brick or stone laid at right angles to the face.

(To lay in a) stretcher bond
In construction: with the long side of the brick or stone going in the same direction as the length of the face.

Tall stronghold construction that can be part of a wall or independent and comes in many different shapes and sizes in terms of building and layout inside, but most were square.

Defensive ditch permitting troops to shoot at the enemy while under cover as well as advancing towards over the battlefield to make a final assault.

Anyy fortification tower and in particular a circular one.

Urban expansion area
Land designated for new buildings on the outskirts of a town. The buildings that have been put up on this land.

Stone or brick built curved construction used to cover a space between two walls or a line of pillars. The different types are named after their shape: groin vault (semi-cylindrical, in half point sections); barrel vault (the result of crossing two cannon vaults at right angles).

Protected or enclosed by walls.

Unit of measurement equal to about three feet or 836 mm.