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Baluarte

View of the Baluarte, the Conference Centre and Auditorium of Navarre

Baluarte, the Conference Centre and Auditorium of Navarre, was born of the desire to create a large area capable of uniting science, education, art and culture. With both conference and cultural functions, it is one of Spain’s largest auditoriums and conference centres, with a surface area of 63,000 square metres. It was built by the Government of Navarre and designed by the architect Francisco J. Mangado.

Baluarte is located in the very heart of the city, between Avenida del Ejército, Calle Yanguas y Miranda, Calle General Chinchilla and Calle Padre Moret. Baluarte enjoys a privileged position at a crossroads between the city’s most dynamic shopping and leisure district, and the monumental Citadel. The L-shaped building itself forms a large, 10,000-m2, pedestrian square which opens out onto the city.

Surprise, expressed through contrasts between the inside and the outside of the building, is part of the architectural language of Baluarte: the outside is horizontal, dark and understated, while the inside is lush, full of light and places an emphasis on the vertical. In contrast to the dark-grey granite of the exterior, light tones prevail in the interior, through materials such as the stainless steel and Padouc (an African wood, rich in nuances, which oxidises to red) which line the outer walls of the Main Auditorium, Chamber Hall and restaurants. The walls and floors are panelled in polymerised beech wood, while the walls in the vestibule and exhibition areas are painted plain white.

In brief, a building which cannot be taken in at a single glance, but calls for contemplation from different angles in order to be appreciated. The real surprise lies in the evocative effect of a number of architectural elements: the ceiling in the auditorium simulates the sails on a ship, the large staircase is like a sculpture, the lights, tubes of illumination, etc.

The architect paid particular attention to the lighting of the different areas and managed to capture natural sources to perfection, while insisting that the static, mechanical, artificial light of conventional light bulbs be replaced in favour of modern, glass luminaires which give the effect of a radiant mass. In order to make full use of natural daylight, a large, 30-metre skylight separates, to great effect, the Conference Hall and Chamber Hall area from the service area, while a set of circular skylights illuminate the main vestibule from above.

Baluarte has a main hall, a chamber hall, two convention rooms, a conference room, a multi-purpose room, two exhibition halls, a bar-restaurant and a car park for 900 vehicles. The auditorium has seating for 1,552 people, a surface area of 1,242.8 m2 and 520m2 of stage space. It is perfectly equipped for symphony concerts with choir, chamber concerts, recitals, opera with special set-ups, ballet with orchestra, musicals and variety shows, congresses and large-scale drama.

©Pamplona City Council. Consistorial square s/n 31001 - Pamplona (Navarra) - 948 420 100 - pamplona@pamplona.es

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